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Scars are tissues that replace original/ normal skin tissues after an injury, disease, lesion or surgery. This process is also called a wound repair process that leaves new fibrous tissues on the affected areas.

Types of Scars

 Hypertrophic Scars Hypertrophic scars occur when the body produces excess collagen. They look like raised red lumps on the skin.

 Atrophic scars/ sunken scars Atrophic scars appear pitted because the affected areas on the skin lose fat or muscle.

 Keloid scars Keloid scars are painful and they grow abruptly on the skin.

Symptoms of Scars

 Tissue Damage due to an injury, surgery, disease or lesion.

 Red, pink or purple coloured fibrous raised tissue.

 Lumpy or ridged appearance on the affected area.

 Itch on the affected area on the skin.

Causes of Scars

 Accidents/ injuries.


 Scalds or Burns

 Injection scars

 Body piercing


 Bug/ insect bites or scratching after the bug bites.

 Rash due to acne or chicken pox.

Treatment of Scars

 Laser Therapy Laser therapy reduces scarring by smoothing the epidermis through contact cooling.

 Filler Injections Filler Injections are mostly used for atrophic scars. This requires injecting collagen fillers underneath the affected areas.

 Chemical Peels Chemical peels help reduce scarring by destroying the epidermis and promoting exfoliation.

 Medication Medications to reduce scarring or decrease the number scars.

 Pressure Dressings Pressure dressings are mostly used to treat hypertrophic scars.

 Cryotherapy Cryotherapy involves freezing areas of infection with the help of liquid nitrogen.

 Silicone Gel Sheets - Silicone gel sheets soften the appearance of scars and flatten them to make them look closest to the surrounding normal skin.

 Surgical treatment Surgical treatments may be required for deeper scars.


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